From Big Medical Encyclopedia

FERVORN Max (Verworn the Move, 1863 — 1921) is the German physiologist, the doctor of philosophy (1887), the doctor of medicine (1889).

From 1884 to 1889 studied medicine and natural sciences in the Berlin and Yensky high fur boots. From 1891 to 1900 worked in Yenskom where in 1895 became professor. In 1901 headed department of physiology at the Goettingen university. Since 1910 until the end of life was the director of Physiological institute in Bonn.

M. Fervorn developed the direction called by it cellular physiology of a nervous system. The main scientific research of M. Fer-vorn was devoted to studying of all-biological problems. Considering cells of metaphytes as elementary independent viable units, it upheld idea

that the general physiology shall be physiology of cells. From these positions he studied anatomy and physiology of nervous cells. To them it was established that the mechanism of irritation of ganglionic cells is similar to the mechanism of irritation of unicells. Further M. Fervorn investigated tonic reflexes and problems of animal hypnosis. Its biotonichssky

theory of braking is of special interest. He called «biotone» the relation assy

lyatsionny processes to dissimi-lyatsionny, connected braking with dominance of dissimilyatsionny processes.

M. Fervorn studied also fiziol. bases of behavior, memory,

intelligence, character that found reflection in the book «Mechanics of Sincere Life» (1907). In the same work M. Fervorn stated the philosophical outlook which laid the foundation for a positivistic methodological current in physiology and pathology — to a konditsio-nalizm (see). Nanometer was I will put forward

that so-called biogenic hypothesis explaining vital process

sy with functioning «biogen molecules», to-rye have both purely mechanical, and non-material properties. M. Fervorn considered that the materialism is not capable to explain an origin of life. V. I. Lenin, having analyzed Fervorn's book «A biogenic hypothesis» (1903), wrote: «Any concept about dialectic materialism and full inability to distinguish materialism as f and l about with about f and yu — from separate, hardened views materialists of the inhabitants of this time calling themselves» (V. I. Lenin, Half-N of SOBR. soch., 5th prod., t. 29, page 354). The metaphysical and not dialectic understanding of matter characteristic of M. Fervorn and other bourgeois scientists, according to V. I. Lenin, is a source and incentive motive of idealism in natural sciences.

In 1902 M. Fervorn founded Zeitschrift fur Aligemeine Physiologie magazine (Yen). It possesses also works on questions of anthropology and history of material culture.

Works: Psycho-pbysiologische Protisten-Stu-dien, Jena, 1889; Aligemeine Physiologie, Jena, 1895 (Russian lane, century 1 — 3, M., 1910 —-1912); Beitrage zur Physiologie des Zentral-nervensystems, T. 1, Jena, 1898; Das Neuron in Anatomie und Physiologie, Jena, 1900; Modern outlook and natural sciences, the lane with it., Kazan, 1906; Die Meehanik des Geisteslebens, Lpz., 1907 (rus *, lane, M., 1908); Die Entwicklung des menschliehen Geistes, Jena, 1910 (pyc. lane, M., 1913); Die Erforscbung des Le-bens, Jena, 1911; Erregung und Lahmung, Jena, 1914.

Bibliography: F of 6 h 1 i with b F.

W. Max Verworn, Z. allg. Physiol., Bd 20, S. 185, 1923; W ii 1 1 e n w e b e r R. Der Phy-siologe Max Verworn, Bonn, 1968.

Yu. A. Fadeyev.