From Big Medical Encyclopedia

FENCING — the sport combining the single combat regulated by rules on cold sports weapon — a rapier, a sword, the espadrena, a saber.

T. treats technically difficult sports.

Systematic occupations F. cultivate courage, determination, dexterity, resourcefulness, speed of reaction, improve coordination of movements, develop endurance, will, ability to concentrate attention, stability to nsikhol. to loadings. At occupations f e x t about in and p and e m at in e l of i? h and in and e t with I of N and r at z to and on cardiovascular, respiratory systems and especially on c. N of page. The complex of various movements made by the fencer, their bystry change depending on actions of the opponent, constant readiness for sudden attack and instant reaction to it demand bystry change and perfect coordination of processes of excitement and braking in c. N of page.

Regular trainings F. are followed by significant increase in static force of muscles of a forearm and a brush, irregularity of development of muscles of a shoulder girdle, a back and extremities. The last defines need of inclusion in a training complex of special exercises for prevention of deformations of a musculoskeletal system.

To occupations F. with the permission of the doctor children at the age of 10 — 12 years, and are allowed to participation in competitions — from 12 — 17 years.

Contraindications to occupations F. effects of injuries of a head and spinal cord, persistent diseases of a vestibular mechanism, an idiopathic hypertensia are.

Most often failure of weapon or a mask are the reasons of injuries. absence or poor quality of protective equipment (a bib, a dense collar, gloves), and also badly prepared path.

The most typical injuries at F.: chopped and chipped wounds, bruises and stretchings sumochno-with in the attendance device of ankle and knee joints, anguishes of inguinal sheaves, damages of adductors of a hip. As an exception the getting wounds of a thorax, a skull, etc. are possible. At the forced trainings there can be pains on the course of an elbow nerve (an elbow of the fencer).

See also Sports, medicine, Physical culture and sport.

Bibliography: Diseases and damages

at sports activities, under the editorship of. A. G. Dem-

bo, L., 1970; Minkh A. A. Sketches on hygiene of physical exercises and sport, page 64, M., 1980; M and r about N about -

in and 3. Page and Morozova E. M. Sports traumatology. M, 1976; F r and to-to e To. Sports traumatology, the lane with it., page 35, etc., M., 1981.

Century 11. Illarionov.