FALLOPY Gabriel (Fallopius, Fallopio Gabriele, 1523 — 1562) is the Italian anatomist, the surgeon, the obstetrician, the adherent and
the follower A. Vezaliya.
Worked as the practical doctor and taught in high fur boots of Ferrara, Pisa and Padua. Its main works are devoted to studying of the female sexual device, development of a human germ and its vascular system. It in details described a structure and functions of pair tubular body — uterine (fallopian) tubes. It possesses also the works devoted to the description of a structure and formation of bones on anatomy of acoustic organs and sight, about syphilis, etc. G. Fallopiya's researches were continued by his numerous pupils. So, Arantsy (G. The village Agap-zi) investigated function of a placenta, described kinds of a structure of a pelvic bone ring; his name carries the embryonal channel described by it; L. Botallo studied pre-natal blood circulation of a fruit, described the channel connecting in the pre-natal period a pulmonary artery to an aortic arch (it is called by his name); H. Fabricius specified an arrangement in a uterus of a fruit at development of pregnancy. Researches of G. Fallopiya and his followers promoted development of obstetrics and gynecology.
Works: Observationes anatomicae, Venetiis, 1561; Opera genuina omnia, v. 1 — 3, Venetiis, 1606.
Bibliography: The multivolume guide
to obstetrics and gynecology, under the editorship of L. S. Persianinov, t. 1, page 33, M., 1,961; Geschichte der Medizin, hrsg. v. A. Mette u. I. Winter, S. 183, B., 1968;
Tal bott J. H. A biographical history of medicine, p. 65, N. Y. — L., 1970.