ERITROPLAKYYa of a neck of m and shopping mall and (erythroplakia; Greek erythros red + plax, plakos the plane, a surface) — the damage of a mucous membrane of a neck of uterus which is characterized by an atrophy of surface layers of an epithelium.
The etiology is not known. AA. arises on a vulval part of a neck of uterus. It represents single, the multiple, small centers of bright red or claret color of the irregular or rounded shape which are slightly acting over a surface are more rare. At microscopic examination flattening and an atrophy of a cover epithelium, expansion and a plethora of vessels, a hyperplasia (sometimes atipichesky) cells of a basal layer is noted. AA., followed by an atipichesky hyperplasia of cells of a basal layer, carry to precancerous diseases. AA. quite often accompany a colpitis (see) and a cervicitis (see).
The diagnosis is made at vaginal examonation by means of mirrors (see. Gynecologic research) and at a kolposkopiya (see). For an exception of a tumor it is necessary to carry out tsitol. research of a smear print, and also gistol. a research of the material taken at a biopsy.
Treatment consists in obligatory elimination of inflammatory process. At an atipichesky hyperplasia of cells of a basal layer diathermocoagulation or diatermo-excision are shown (see the Uterus, malignant tumors). Apply also a cryosurgery (see).
The forecast at timely treatment favorable.
Bibliogrserebrov A. I. Cancer of a uterus, M., 1968; Yakovleva I. A. Morphology and histogenesis of a precancer of a neck of uterus, Akush. iginek., No. 12, page 12, 1978; Mestwerdt G. Die Erkrankungen der Portio und Zervix. Klinik der Frauen-heilkunde und Geburtshilfe, Bd 5, S. 187, Munchen u. a., 1977. V. I. Bodyazhina.