EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

The EPIDEMIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS — a method of studying and assessment of a complex of epidemiologicheeky information. Purpose E. and.) chegsya data acquisition ozarazn.uch ">olvz-nyakh on defined терр^, eyes (in the country, the area, the area, on *<. chshy point, etc.) or in group of the population (age, professional, etc.) and assessment of an epidemic situation. AA. and. use for creation epidemio l, the forecast and development of the evidence-based plan of measures on fight against infectious diseases.

Complex epidemiol. information includes data on level, structure and dynamics of incidence of infectious diseases on nosological forms (long-term, annual, in the analyzed year, the current incidence during flashes and epidemics, mortality, threat of a drift of an infection from the outside, social and economic value of diseases); about living conditions, work and life of the population, alleged causes of incidence, sources, ways and factors of transfer of a disease-producing factor, a role of social and natural factors, in particular existence of the natural centers of infectious diseases, epizooty among house and wildings, prevalence of arthropods — carriers of a disease-producing factor; the data

on immunoprevention and the emergency prevention allowing to judge collective immunity to this or that infectious disease: data on a condition of municipal services (water supply, the sewerage, sewage disposal), about a dignity. a condition of objects of the food industry and public catering, about equipment of anti-epidemic institutions in this territory.

As information materials use long-term statistical and demographic data, a dignity. - epid. descriptions and reports, materials on medical geography and regional pathology, data on a condition of municipal services in settlements in this territory, meteorological reports, etc. Data of microbiological, virologic, immunological, epizootological, entomological, parasitological and other researches can gain great value. Apply sociological and mathematical methods, including a method of mathematical modeling of epidemics by means of the COMPUTER more and more widely.

AA. and. it can be carried out as in a certain territory, so i'v the center (centers) of an infectious disease (see. Epidemic center). Basis E. and. in the latter case epidemiological inspection is (see), a cut allows to reveal a source (sources) of disease-producing factors, ways and factors of their transfer, and also to define the most effective measures for localization and elimination of the epidemic center.

More remote task epidemiol. inspections, based on identification of specific bonds between the separate centers corresponding inf. diseases, establishment and neutralization of epidemic activity of factors and ways of distribution of its activator among the population living in borders of the considered administrative territory is.

For carrying out full E. and. it is necessary to have the corresponding materials about an epidemic situation in the located territories, in area (edge, the ASSR), the federal republic, countrywide and abroad nearby. To it serves directory materials about inf. diseases, to-rye are regularly published M3 of the USSR and mines - you health care of federal republics.

Bibliography: V. D.'s white hares, Deg

tyarev A. A. and Ivannikov of Yu. G. Kachestvo and efficiency of anti-epidemic actions, L., 1981; r au-mashevsky JI. B. General epidemiology, M., 1965; Elkin I. I., etc. Epidemiology, M., 1979; Yagodin-

with to and y V. N. Dinamika of epidemic process, M., 1977.

P. N. Burgasov, A. A. Sumarokov.

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