ELBERT Boris Yakovlevich (1890 — 1963) — the Soviet microbiologist and the immunologist, the doctor of medical sciences (1939), professor (1925), zasl. scientist of the Kyrgyz SSR, winner of the State award USSR (1946).
In 1917 ended medical f-t Kiev un-that. In 1915 — 1917, being a student, directed bacteriological laboratories and otrya to the lady on fight against cholera and a sapropyra. Since 1918 the chief of sanitary and epidemiologic laboratory in Kiev. In 1921 — 1923 the associate professor of bacteriology of the Kiev GIDUV. Since 1923 the department chair of microbiology medical f-that Belarusian in-that. One of initiators of creation and first director (1924) Belarusian sanitary and bacteriological in-that (nowadays scientific research institute of epidemiology and microbiology of the Ministry of Health of BSSR). In 1937 — 1945 the organizer and the director Kyrgyz microbiological in-that (nowadays scientific research institute of epidemiology, microbiology and hygiene of the Ministry of Health of the Kyrgyz SSR). At the same time the director (since 1939), then the department chair of microbiology Kyrgyz medical in-that. In 1945 — 1948 directed department of microbiology Rostov medical in-that and temporarily was the research supervisor of the Rostov scientific research institute of epidemiology, microbiology and hygiene. From 1948 to 1962 managed department of microbiology Minsk medical in-that and at the same time (with directed department of microbiology Belarusian un-that. Elbert is the author of the St. 300 scientific works devoted to a bpologiya and a systematics of kapsuloobrazuyushchy bacteria, microbiology and laboratory diagnosis of a scleroma, immunoprevention of tuberculosis, mechanisms of an infection and immunity. B. Ya. Elbert jointly Gaysky developed theoretical bases of use of a live osleblenny vaccine against a tularemia and implemented the method of tulyaremiyny vaccination which was widely adopted in the USSR and abroad in practice. The state award is conferred together with N. A. Gaysky for development of a live tulyaremiyny vaccine and skin method of its application.
«the sign of Honour» and medals is awarded by awards of the Labour Banner.
Bibliography: Belyatsky D. P. Boris Yakovlevich Elbert (1890 — 1963), Zdravookhr. Belarus, No. 12, page 46, 1973; Imshenetsky A. A., etc. Boris Yakovlevich Elbert, Microbiology, t. 33, century 2, page 378, 1964.
Yu. K. Fomichev.