ELANSKY Nikolay Nikolaevich (1894 — 1964) — the Soviet surgeon, the doctor of medical sciences (1924), professor (1934), the honored worker of science of RSFSR (1942), the winner of the State award USSR (1952), Hero of Socialist Work (1964), the lieutenant general of health service. Member of the CPSU.
Having ended VMA in 1917, the rural doctor served as the senior doctor of a regiment on the Southwest front, and in 1918 — 1921. Since 1921 worked in surgical clinic of VMA under the leadership of S. P. Fedorov. In dokt, pointed theses on «About Relationship between an Ulcer and a Carcinoma of the Stomach» (1924) to so-called precancerous diseases of a stomach.
In 1937 — 1938 and 1946 — 1947 of the head of department of the general surgery, and in 1938 — 1941 the head of department of field surgery of VMA; at the same time (since 1934) the department chair of faculty surgery Leningrad pediatric in-that. One of organizers of the surgical help to wounded at combat operations in the river Halkhin-Gol (1938) and during the Soviet-Finnish conflict (1939 — 1940).
In days of the Great Patriotic War chief surgeon of a number of fronts. In 1947 — 1959 the chief surgeon of the Soviet Army and at the same time the department chair of faculty surgery of the 1st MMI, a cut directed until the end of life.
H. N. Elansky published apprx. 140 scientific works on questions field and a wedge, surgeries, hemotransfusion and traumatology.
In 1926 published the monograph on hemotransfusion; participated in development of a number of the documents regulating the organization of medical providing troops in days of the Great Patriotic War; confirmed expediency of early use of a secondary seam, and also antibiotics for prevention of a wound fever, treatment of wounds and the infected fractures of bones; offered a metal core for an osteosynthesis, made a contribution to the theory of a pathogeny of traumatic toxicosis (a syndrome of long crush), the theory of a pathogeny of a cardiospasm, obliterating endarteritis, offered a method of treatment of the last.
Its textbook «Field Surgery» sustained 5 editions and was translated on it., Czech, Polish and Korean languages. He is the author of a number of heads and the member of editorial bureau of the section «Surgery» of the multivolume work «Experience of the Soviet Medicine in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945.
Under its management it is protected apprx. 40 theses, including 9 doctor's.
H. N. Elansky consisted the board member Vsesoyuznogo and All-Russian surgical about-in, the honorary member Hirurgicheskogo about-va Czechoslovakia and the International association of surgeons, was an editor of the section «Surgery» in 2 prod. BME, associate editor of the Hirurgiya magazine, vice-president Ob-va of the Soviet-Belgian friendship.
It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin (three), Red Banners (four), Alexander Nevsky, Patriotic war of the I degree, the Red Star (two) and medals.
Works: Hemotransfusion, M. — L., 1926; Field surgery, M. — L., 1941, M., 1950; Surgical diseases, M., 1964.
Bibliography: M. I. cousins and Shkrob O. S. Hera of Socialist Work professor of H. N. Elansky, Surgery, No. 6, page 153, 1969; they, Nikolay Nikolaevich Elansky (to the 80 anniversary since birth), in the same place, No. 8, page 140, 1974; H. N. Elansky (to the 70 anniversary since birth), in the same place, No. 4, page 3, No. 12, page 136, 1964.
M. I. Kuzin.