EGOROV Pyotr Ivanovich (1899 — 1967) — the Soviet therapist, one of founders of an air medicine in the USSR, the member correspondent of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1948), M. I. Arinkin and M. V. Yanovsky's pupil. Major general of medical service. Member of the CPSU.
Having ended VMA in 1923, worked in the Moscow Red Army communistic hospital (nowadays Main military clinical hospital of H. N. Burdenko), and then in the Central psychophysiological laboratory of the Air Force of Red Army. Since 1930 the assistant to department of faculty therapy of VMA, and since 1939 professor, the deputy chief of this department. In days of the Great Patriotic War the chief therapist Zapadnogo (1941 — 1943), the Leningrad (1944 — 1945) fronts and along with 1943 the deputy chief therapist of Red Army and the deputy chief of department of faculty therapy of VMA. In 1947 — 1953 the chief of Medical and sanitary management of the Kremlin. In 1953 — 1964 the department chair of therapy of TsIU. Since 1964 the manager. sector Ying-that medicobiological problems M3 of the USSR.
P. I. Egorov published apprx. 100 scientific works, including 5 monographs devoted to problems aviation and a wedge, medicine. In dokt, theses it generalized results of experiences and a wedge, researches, including introspection, about influence of the lowered atmospheric pressure, air hunger on an organism of animals and the person. Was one of authors of the project of the first in our country device for studying of influence of pressure differences on the person (Alexandrov's device — Egorova, is constructed in 1932). Participated in the first long flights during which studied on himself and pilots a condition of various systems of an organism. Took part in development of some problems of space medicine, in particular in creation of system of selection of astronauts. It one of the first in the country applied retrosternal anesthesia at coronary insufficiency, a number of diagnostic isotope methods with radioactive chrome and iodine; under its management questions a wedge, koagulologiya, pathologies of porphyrinic exchange, treatment of a pulmonary hypertension, a problem of a pulmonary heart were studied. The first domestic guide to field therapy (1945) is written to them.
Under the leadership of P. I. Egorov 19 dissertations, including 7 doctor's are defended.
He was an editor of department «Field therapy» in «The encyclopedic dictionary of military medicine» and in the multivolume work «Experience of the Soviet Medicine in the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945.
It is awarded by the Orders of Lenin, the Red Banner (two), Patriotic wars of the I degree, the Red Star (three), «the Sign of Honour», the Bulgarian award «For Civil Merits», and also medals.
Works: Influence of high-rise flights on an organism of the pilot, M., 1937; Emergency treatment, L., 1940; Questions of field therapy, M. — L., 1945; To clinical assessment of an omentocardiopexy and retrosternal novocainic anesthesia at patients with coronary insufficiency, Works of the 14th Vsesoyuz, a congress rubbed., page 214, M., 1958 (sovm, with Ostapyuk F. E.); Radioiodine in diagnosis and treatment of diseases of a thyroid gland, M., 1962 (sovm, with Tsfasman A. 3.); Some problems of selection of astronauts-researchers, Tousle. biol, and medical, No. 1, page 75, 1967 (sovm, with other).
Bibliography: Pyotr Ivanovich Egorov's memories, Rubbed. arkh., t. 39, No. 4, page 123, 1967; Pyotr Ivanovich Egorov (To the 70 anniversary since birth), Voyen. - medical zhurn., No. 8, page 92, 1969.
P. M. Zlochevsky.