ECONOMO Constantine

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

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1233 ECONOMO Konstantin (Economo Constantin, 1876 — 1931) — "Austrian" neuropathologist, by origin Greek. In 1901 ended medical f-t Vienna un-that. In 1901 — 1903 the assistant to the physiologist Eksner (S. EXNER); in the same years studied psychiatry at E. Kremlin in Munich. Since 1906 but 1918 the assistant to department of psychiatry in Vienna where worked under the direction of Yu. Wagner-Yauregga. In the years of World War I (1914 — 1918) served as the pilot, and then the medical officer. From 1920 to the last days lives was professor of department of neuropathology and psychiatry of medical faculty of the Vienna university. K. Economo is the author of considerable number of the scientific works which brought it world fame. He experimentally established existence of the cortical center participating in providing acts of swallowing and breath and noted communication of this center with black substance (substantia nigra) of a mesencephalon. Its researches of an experimental chorea, frustration of a dream, the akineziya which are carried out together with J. P. Karplus promoted development of the doctrine about physiology and pathology of basal kernels and a mesencephalon. In 1917 it described the epidemic lethargic encephalitis called in the subsequent by his name (see. Economo lethargic encephalitis ). In 1925 K. Economo together with G. N. Koskinas developed the scheme of very tectonics of bark of cerebral hemispheres (Economo's card — G. N. Koskinas), according to a cut the surface of each hemisphere on cellular structure is divided into 7 shares and 109 fields (see. Very tectonics of a cerebral cortex ). K. Economo was a chairman Vienna about-va psychiatrists (1928). It is known also as one of pioneers of the Austrian aircraft, since 1910 was the president of the Austrian aero club.

Works: Die Encephalitis lethargica, Lpz. — wien, 1918; Die Cytoarchitektonik der Himrinde der erwachsenen Menscben, Wien — B., 1925; Zellaufbau der Grosshimrinde deі Menscben, B., 1927; Die Encephalitis lethargica, ihre Nachkrankheiten und ihre Behandlung, B., 1929.

Bibliography: Kutlik I. Ste vyrocle narodenia Constantina Eoconoma, Bratlsl. lek. Listy, sv. 66, s. 110, 1976; Marburg O. Konstantin Economo Freiherr von San Serff, Dtsch. Z. Nervenheilk., Bd 123, S. 219, 1931.