From Big Medical Encyclopedia

DUNAND Henri (Dunant Henri, 1828 — 1910) — the Swiss public figure and the writer, the initiator of development of the Geneva convention of 1864. «About simplification of a fate of wounded during war», the founder International about-va Red the Cross.


In June, 1859 in battle at Solferino (the avstro-italo-French war, 1859) A. Dunand organized group of volunteers for assistance to the wounded left in the battlefield. Under impression of what was seen he wrote the book «Un souvenir de Solferino» («Memories of Solferino») published for the first time in Geneva in 1862. In it A. Dunand stated the ideas about creation in all countries of voluntary public organizations of the help to wounded and patients during war, the conclusion of the international agreement on protection of wounded and patients and providing the right of neutrality military medical to institutions and their personnel. He considered that these organizations shall give also help to the population during epidemics and natural disasters. At the initiative of A. Dunand in 1863 in Geneva the conference which laid the foundation for the International society of the Red Cross was convened, and his ideas about protection of wounded in the war found reflection in the Geneva convention of 1864.

For the activity And. Dunand was awarded Nobel Peace Prize (1901).

Bibliography: Encyclopedic dictionary of military medicine, t. 2, Art. 600, M., 1947, bibliogr.; Libby V. To. Henry Dunant, prophet of peace, N. Y., 1964; S a with h s e W. Henri Dunant, Leben und Werk, B., 1959.

E. H. Danylenum.