DERMATOFILIAZ (dermatophiliasis; synonym: pulikoz, dermatophilomiasis) — the damages of skin caused by stings of fleas (human, dog, is more rare camel, sheep). Sensitivity to stings of fleas can be various — from minimum to sharply expressed (at children, women with sharply razdrazhimy skin). Reaction of skin is caused by action of a secret of sialadens of fleas. After a sting of a flea the pruritic pale or red spot appears, quite often the blister with a dot hemorrhage in the center, edges remains within a day and more. At multiple stings the abundance of dot hemorrhages can simulate a purpura (purpura pulicosa). Rashes can be grouped. The general state is usually not broken. At multiple stings children can have short-term general phenomena (excitement, subfebrile temperature, astmoidny breath, a diarrhea). The persons predisposed to allergic reactions can have an urtikarny rash on all skin. At raschesa accession of consecutive infection is possible.
In tropical countries the special type of D. developing as a result of implementation in skin (is more often in a hyponychial zone of toes) the impregnated females of earth fleas is observed (see. Sarkopsillez ).
Treatment and prevention: removal of parasites; at an itch rubdown of 1 — 2% menthol or salicyl alcohol; at accession of consecutive infection — aniline dyes; all-gigabyte. actions.
Bibliography: Babayants R. S. Skin and venereal diseases of tropical countries, page 343, M., 1972; Mashkilleyson L. N. Infectious and parasitic diseases, M., 1960; The Multivolume guide to microbiology, clinic and epidemiology of infectious diseases, under the editorship of H. N. Zhukova-Verezhnikov, t. 9, page 769, M., 1968; Pick W. Tierische Parasiten, Handb. Haut-u. Geschl. - Kr., hrsg. v. J. Jadassohn, Bd 9, T. 1, S. 542, b; 1929.
A. B. Selissky.