DAVIDENKOVA Evgenia Fiodorovna

From Big Medical Encyclopedia

DAVIDENKOVA Evgenia Fiodorovna (sort. in 1902) — the Soviet neuropathologist and the geneticist, the member correspondent of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1963). Member of the CPSU.

DAVIDENKOVA Evgenia Fiodorovna

Having ended in 1927. Irkutsk the un-t, worked as the neuropathologist in Buryat the ASSR. Since 1934 — the graduate student in clinic of neurosises of VIEM (Leningrad), since 1937 worked at department of nervous diseases of the Leningrad GIDUV. In 1955 — 1972 of the department chair of nervous diseases in Leningrad pediatric medical in-those and at the same time (since 1961) directs laboratory of medical genetics of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences.

E. F. Davidenkova is the author of 226 scientific works, including 9 monographs devoted to problems of neuroinfection and a wedge, geneticists. It together with S. N. Davidenkov. described nevrol, complications at flu (1951) and a new form of a tick-borne infection — a dvukhvolnovy viral encephalomeningitis (1952), developed problems of vaccination against poliomyelitis, and also questions of clinic of poliomiyelitopodobny diseases, currents and patomorfologiya of a subacute sclerosing leukoencephalitis.

It for the first time in the USSR conducted a population research of frequency of chromosomal diseases; it is given a wedge, and the cytogenetic characteristic of classical forms of chromosomal diseases and their options (see. Chromosomal diseases ); various anomalies of gonosomes and autosomes are described, the role - certain sites of X-chromosome in an ontogeny of an organism is specified; the pathogeny of a number of monogenic diseases (muscular dystrophies, the torsion dystonia, a hepatolenticular degeneration, a homocystinuria) is described; researches of hereditary predisposition to polygenic diseases (diabetes, some forms of vascular pathology) and geneticists of leukoses, and also mechanisms of an expression of an abnormal genome are conducted.

E. F. Davidenkova is board member Vsesoyuznogo about-va neuropathologists and psychiatrists, the chairman of section of medical genetics of the Leningrad department of Vsesoyuzny about-va geneticists and selectors; associate editor of «Magazine of neuropathology and psychiatry of S. S. Korsakov» and Clinical Medicine magazine. Member of the committee of the Soviet women. In 3 prod. BME — the editor redotdet «Neurology».

Works: Diencephalic epilepsy, L., 1959; Chromosomal diseases of the person, L., 1965 <editions); Down syndrome, L., 1966 (edition); Clinical syndromes at anomalies of gonosomes, L., 1973 (sovm, with other); Clinic and genetics of leukoses, L., 1973; Clinical genetics, L., 1975 (sovm, with Liberman I. S.); Hereditary factors in development of cerebral strokes, L., 1976.

B. S. Vilensky.