COURNAN André (Cournand Andre Frederic, sort. in 1895) — the American physiologist, the member of National Academy of Sciences of the USA (1958), the Nobel Prize laureate (1956).
Was born in Paris, in 1930 ended medical f-t Parisian un-that and the same year moved to New York. Since 1951 the prof. of department of physiology and surgery Colombian un-that and at the same time the head of cardiopulmonary laboratory of it un-that.
The main direction of scientific works of A. Kurnan — studying of function of cardiovascular and respiratory systems of the person. Having used the idea of V. Forssmann who in 1929 proved in experience on himself a possibility of intravital catheterization of cardial cavities, A. Kurnan developed, proved and implemented a technique of diagnostic catheterization of heart in a wedge, practice for what it was conferred the Nobel Prize.
A. Kurnan was elected the member of the French national academy of medicine (1958), Royal medical academy of Belgium (1956), and also the doctor of science of many high fur boots in the USA and other countries. It is a member American about-in physiologists and doctors, Swedish about-va internal medicine, etc.
It is awarded by a silver medal medical f-that Parisian un-that and Swedish about-va internal medicine.
Works: Cardiac catheterization in congenital heart disease, N. Y., 1949 (sovm, with other); L’insuffisance cardiaque chronique, P., 1952 (sovm, with other); Cardiac catheterization, Uppsala, 1975.
Bibliography: K e n e z J., A. F. Cournand a legzesfunkcio vizsgalatok forradal-masitoja, Orv. Hetil., kot. 116, old. 2725, 1975; S u 1 e k K. Rok 1956 nagroda dia Andre F. Cournanda, Wernera T. O. For-ssmanna i Dickinsona W. Richardsa za odkrycia dotyczace cewnikowania serca i badania zmian chorobowych w ukladzie krazenia, Wiad. lek., t. 22, s. 203, 1969; 3 a n p I am N of o in H. and Naidyonov of G. Meditsinski biografichen reference book, page 130, Plovdiv, 1972.
V. D. Topolyansky.