COMMANDANTS Leonid Efimovich (1883 — 1939) — the Soviet otorhinolaryngologist, the doctor of medical sciences (1916), professor (1921).
Having ended in 1907. The St. Petersburg army medical college, worked in military hospitals. At the same time studied patol, anatomy, and it was improved on otorhinolaryngology in the Saratov clinic of diseases of an ear, throat and nose later.
In 1916 protected dokt, the thesis on a subject about pathoanatomical features of a temporal bone at rickets and their value in pathology of an ear. Being the head of the department of diseases of an ear, throat and nose in Perm medical in-those, organized in 1921 clinic in the specialty. Since 1923 the department chair North Caucasian un-that in Rostov-on-Don where also organized special clinic. Since 1930 the department chair of diseases of an ear, a throat and a nose of the 1st Leningrad medical in-that.
L. E. Komendantov published more than 90 scientific works devoted to an ototopia, studying of normal anatomy of various departments of a temporal bone, researches in the field of an otosclerosis, fatigue of hearing, the prof. of selection and also to changes in a temporal bone at rickets and inborn syphilis.
It one of the first in the USSR started studying of a role of resort factors in treatment of diseases of an ear, throat and nose. In 1939 the original textbook of L. E. Komendantov on otorhinolaryngology was published. By it it was organized Ob-in of otorhinolaryngologists at North Caucasian un-those (1925).
Works: Pathoanatomical features of a temporal bone at rickets and their value in pathologies of an ear, a yew., Saratov, 1916; About use of the Matsesta (hydrosulphuric) water for therapy of upper respiratory tracts and an auditory organ, Vestn, rino-lyar. - the otologist., No. 1, page 1, 1928; About acoustical function, Zhurn, ushn., Nov. and throats, Bol., t. 13, book 3, page 301, 1936; Processes of summation and braking in acoustical function, Vestn, from-rino-lyar., No. 6, page 608, 1938; Diseases of an ear, nose and throat, L., 1939.
Bibliography: Kaplan Ya. B. History of department of diseases of an ear, throat and nose of the 1st Leningrad medical institute of the academician I. P. Pavlov, Vestn, from-rino-lyar., No. 1, page 7, 1940.
B. S. Preobrazhensky.