CHIRKOVSKY Vasily Vasilyevich (1874 — 1956) is the Soviet ophthalmologist, the academician of AMH (1945), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1936), winner of the State award USSR (1948).
Ended in 1899 medical f-t Kazan un-that, worked as the intern of clinic of eye diseases un-that under the direction of E. V. A damyu. Dokt. defended the dissertation in 1904; professor (1918). In 1907 — 1908 it was improved at I. I. Mechnikov in Pasterovskom in-those, worked in clinics of Austria and Germany. From 1908 to 1920 the privatdozent, the senior assistant to clinic of eye diseases Kazan un-that, and in 1920 — 1922 the organizer and the head of department of eye diseases Perm un-that. In 1922 — 1929 directed department of eyes -
ny diseases Kazan un-that and at the same time was the director of the USSR's first Tracheomatous scientific research institute organized by it in 1922 in Kazan. From 1929 to 1952 managed department of ophthalmology of the 1st Leningrad medical in-that and at the same time directed the Leningrad scientific research institute of eye diseases.
V. V. Chirkovsky is an author apprx. 100 scientific works devoted to various questions of physiology of an organ of sight, pathological anatomy of an eye, a role of a neurotrophical component in genesis of eye diseases to questions of glaucoma, etc.
V. V. Chirkovsky made the significant contribution to development of a problem of trachoma and the organization of fight against it (see Ophthalmology, Trachoma). The state award USSR it was conferred for long-term researches on studying of diagnosis, prevention and treatment of trachoma, results to-rykh were generalized in the scientific work «Trachoma».
V. V. Chirkovsky was a member of the CEC Tatar the ASSR, the chairman Kazan and Leningrad scientific about-in ophthalmologists, the editor «Ophthalmology» of 1 prod. redotdet. BME, member of editorial boards of a number of medical magazines.
It is awarded the order the Labour Red Banner and medals.
Works: To a question of an innervation of movements of a pupil, Kazan, 1904; Trachoma, 1st prod., L., 1932, 6 prod., L., 1953; Fighting injuries of an eye and the dookulistichesky surgical help at them, L., 1941.
Bibliography: Shishkin A. P.,
V. V. Chirkovsky (To the 100 anniversary since birth), Vestn. oftalm., No. 2, page 88, 1975. O. A. Dzhaliashvili.