CHIEF STATE HEALTH OFFICER — the official heading sanitary and epidemiologic service (the USSR, the federal, autonomous republic, edge, area, the city, the area, and also the pool, port and the line section on the water transport) and providing according to the resolution of Council of ministers of the USSR of May 31, 1973 No. 361 in the subordinated territory the state sanitary inspection behind holding the actions directed to the prevention of environmental pollution (reservoirs, the soil and free air) on improvement of working conditions, training, life and rest of the population, and also control of the organization and holding actions for the prevention and decrease in incidence.
At all stages of development of the country according to tasks of economic construction obligations of health services in the area a dignity extended. - protivoepid. and preventive actions, and also it is right the officials heading these services. Dignity. the organization which received the legislative statement with adoption of the Decree of SNK RSFSR of September 15, 1922. «About sanitary bodies of the republic», originally had at local bodies of health care as an obligatory minimum of a position of health officers. The resolution of the CEC and SNK USSR of December 23, 1933 in federal republics created the state saninspektion which were headed by one of deputy national commissioners of health care — the chief medical officer. In autonomous republics, autonomous regions, edges, areas and the cities of a saninspektion were headed by the state medical officers who were respectively deputy national commissioners of health care or assistant managers public health department; at district executive committees positions of medical officers were established. The rights and duties of the specified officials were defined by the legislation of federal republics, and at different stages their name changed. Since 1935 the chief state medical officer of the USSR headed organized according to the resolution SNK USSR of July 26, 1935. An all-Union state saninspektion at SNK USSR. With creation in 1936. A national commissariat of health care of the USSR the chief state medical officer of the USSR — the deputy people's commissar of health care of the USSR headed All-Union state sanitary inspection, edges was a part Narkomzdrava of the USSR with preservation of all the functions (see. Sanitary and epidemiologic organization).
Since 1949 the chief state medical officer of the USSR — the deputy minister of health care of the USSR headed in the country precautionary and current sanitary inspection (see). At the same time the Provision on the All-Union State saninspektion, the state saninspektion of federal and autonomous republics, edges, areas, districts and cities of republican subordination were determined by the list approved by the Minister of Health of the USSR as bodies of All-Union state sanitary inspectorate. The listed inspections were headed respectively by the chief state medical officers — Deputy Ministers of Health of the republics or state medical officers — deputy managers of public health departments, with the centralized subordination in questions of performance of functions of the state sanitary inspection.
On large industrial facilities and constructions it is represented by the state medical officers. Since 1951 to bodies a dignity. - protivoepid, services were carried the Main thing a dignity. - protivoepid. management M3 of the USSR, relevant managements of the Ministries of Health of federal republics, services of the chief health officers of administrative territories, pools, ports and linear chief health officers. Duties of the chief health officers were assigned to chief physicians of the corresponding SES (see. Sanitary and epidemiologic station). With association of functions of bodies of the All-Union state saninspektion and dignity. - protivoepid. services in SES the order of the Minister of Health of the USSR of January 28, 1956 No. the 25th «About officials of the state sanitary inspection» to chief physicians of SES (autonomous republics, regional, regional, district, city, regional) in all cases of implementation of functions by them state a dignity. supervision official names were appropriated: chief state medical officer of the autonomous republic, edge, area, district, city, area.
With a release of the resolution of Council of ministers of the USSR of October 29, 1963 No. 1107 «About the state sanitary inspection in the USSR» it was legalized uniform a dignity. - epidemiol, the service which is carrying out the state dignity. supervision in the form of precautionary and current a dignity. supervision. This service was headed by the chief health officer of the USSR — the deputy minister of health care of the USSR and the chief health officers of administrative territories who were respectively Deputy Ministers of Health of the federal or autonomous republic or assistant managers the relevant public health department on a dignity. - epidemiol, to questions.
Of page of century of the USSR according to Situation about state a dignity. supervision in the USSR, the approved resolution of Council of ministers of the USSR of May 31, 1973 No. 361, is appointed by Council of ministers of the USSR. Of page of century of federal and autonomous republics — councils of ministers of these republics, the chief state health officers of edges, areas, districts, cities and areas — the relevant executive committees of Councils of deputies of workers in coordination with higher bodies of health care. Of page of century of pools, ports and line sections — in the order established by the Ministries of Health of federal republics.
Of page of century were granted the right: to show to various departments and the economic organizations of the requirement about carrying out a dignity. and protivoepid, actions; to draw the conclusions on projects of norms of design, site plannings and buildings of settlements and to projects of long-term plans of placement of the industry, questions of providing the land plots under construction, to definition of places of a water intake and conditions of descent of drain waters and emissions in free air, engineering designs on construction of the enterprises, buildings and constructions, to drafts of standards and technical specifications on new types of raw materials, food stuffs, industrial products, construction materials, a container and packing materials, polymeric and synthetics and products from them, and also to projects new tekhnol. processes, types of the equipment, devices and working tools; to draw the conclusion about compliance of the houses put into operation, buildings of cultural and community appointment, industrial and other enterprises and constructions acting a dignity. - a gigabyte. to rules and norms; to prohibit or stop before carrying out necessary a dignity. and protivoepid, actions operation of production objects of the industry, transport, agriculture, communication, hydraulic engineering and utility constructions, catering establishments, trade, buildings of cultural and community appointment and other objects, use of vessels, the rolling stock and airplanes in case of unsatisfactory a dignity. states them or existence of danger of an adverse effect on human health; to stop carrying out separate types of works on construction of buildings and constructions in case of disturbance of the approved projects, a dignity. - a gigabyte. and dignity. - protivoepid, rules and norms; to prohibit use of chemical substances, means and methods, harmful to the person, by production of food stuffs, and also use of harmful growth-promoting factors of page - x. plants and animal, chemical means of protection of plants, polymeric and plasts and other chemical products; to prohibit use for food of people of the foodstuff recognized as unsuitable; to demand carrying out the measures connected with prevention of infectious diseases and fight against them (temporary discharge from work of the persons who are bacillicarriers, obligatory hospitalization of infectious patients, a karantinization of the persons which had contact with infectious patients, obligatory disinfection in the center, preventive inoculations, etc.).
Decisions and the conclusions of of page of century on the questions which are within its competence are obligatory for officials of public authorities, the enterprises, institutions and the organizations, and also for citizens. Of page of century has the right of free visit of objects of supervision, to demand the data and documents necessary for examination a dignity. and epidemiol, conditions of an object to make dredging of foodstuff, products, objects and materials for the laboratory analysis and a gigabyte. examinations. To implementation flowing a dignity. supervision the chief physician has the right to involve public medical officers. A number of the rights concerning examination on site a dignity. - epidemiol. situations, carrying out protivoepid, actions and production of dredging of foodstuff, products and materials, are given also to health officers and epidemiologists, and some of them — to their assistants (requirements about carrying out obligatory disinfection, free visit of objects of supervision, obtaining necessary data, dredging of the corresponding materials for a research etc.). The right of visit of objects is granted, besides, to engineers and technicians, and dredging of materials for researches — to laboratory assistants. Of page of century the dignity has also the right of imposing of a fine on guilty of disturbance. - a gigabyte. and dignity. - protivoepid, governed which is applied in cases when measures of disciplinary punishment and public influence admit insufficient.
The questions making exclusive competence of the Chief state health officer of the USSR consist in the statement having all-union value a dignity. - a gigabyte. and dignity. - protivoepid, governed, making the conclusions on norms of design, permission of use of new chemical substances, chemical means of protection of plants, polymeric and plasts and other chemical products, consideration of offers on educational and labor loading and about the approximate mode of occupations of the children who are on education in child care facilities and students at schools, development and representation on the statement of higher bodies of state standard on the water used for the drinking and economic purposes etc. A special question is coordination of activity of the healthcare institutions which are not a part of the system M3 of the USSR on questions a dignity. - epidemiol, service of the population, a dignity. patrolling of the USSR from a drift and spread of quarantine and other infectious diseases and control of this activity (see. Sanitary patrolling ).
Content of work, right and obligation of bodies and institutions dignity. - epidemiol. services of the Ministries of Health of federal republics are stated in regulations — about the Main thing a dignity. - epidemiol, management M3 of the USSR, the relevant managements of the Ministries of Health of federal republics, and also in the provision on SES of the republic, edge, area, district, city, area approved by the order M3 USSR of December 31, 1974 No. 1181.
Promotion scientific gigabyte. knowledge among the population a dignity. - epidemiol, the service conducts together with bodies and healthcare institutions, sciences, cultures, national education, about - you the Red Cross and Red Crescent and other public organizations, and carrying out state a dignity. supervision — with broad involvement of the population, a trade-union asset, asset about-in Red the Cross and Red Crescent, public councils at a dignity. - epidemiol, institutions, scientific medical about-in and about-in on nature protection.
P. N. Burgasov.