CHERNORUTSKY Mikhail Vasilyevich (1884 — 1957) is the Soviet therapist, the academician of AMH (1945), zasl. scientist of RSFSR (1945).
In 1908 ended VMA, it was left at department of hospital therapy; at the same time the eksper worked in Ying-those imental-ache medicine. In 1911 protected dokt. the thesis on
«To a Question of Influence of Nucleic Acid on an Animal Organism»; professor (1922). In the years of World War I was at the front. In 1919 — 1921 worked as the junior, then senior assistant in hospital therapeutic clinic of VMA. Since 1922 professor of department of diagnosis, and since
1923 the department chair of hospital therapy of the 1st Petrograd (Leningrad) medical in-that which directed until the end of life. In days of the Great Patriotic War during the Siege of Leningrad actively worked in the besieged city as the doctor, the organizer of health care and the scientist.
M. V. Chernorutsky is an author St. * 90 scientific works devoted to problems of the constitution (see), reactivity of an organism (see) etc. He studied the constitution of the person in three main aspects — morphological. functional and actually clinical, i.e. value and a role of a constitutional factor in a pathogeny and clinic of diseases. The nomenclature of constitutional types (asthenic, normosthenic, hypersthenic) offered by M. V. Chernorutsky (1928) did not lose the value to a crust, time. Under the leadership of M. V. Chernorutsky also the problem of rheumatism (studying of a role of heredity, the constitution in a pathogeny and clinic, a research of a metabolism) and allergies was developed (studying of a role and value of an allergy in a pathogeny and clinic of rheumatism, acute nephrite, an acute hepatitis, exudative serous pleurisy). A number of its works is devoted to a nutritional dystrophy (see), to avitaminosis, changes of clinic of diseases in wartime. It is a .avtor of the textbook «Diagnosis of Internal Diseases» which sustained 4 editions.
M. V. Chernorutsky was the deputy chairman Vsesoyuzny scientific about-va therapists, the chairman of the board Leningrad therapeutic about-va of S. P. Botkin, a member of presidium of Vsesoyuzny of committee on studying of rheumatism, the editor of a redotdel «Internal diseases» of the 2nd prod. BME.
It is awarded by two Orders of Lenin and medals.
Works: To a question of influence of nucleic acid on an animal organism, a yew., SPb., 1911; The Doctrine about the constitution, in book: Parts, patol. also rubbed. vnutr. Bol., under the editorship of G. F. Lang and D. D. Pletnev, t. 4, page 171, M. — L., 1928; Diagnosis of internal diseases, 1st prod., M. — L., 1938, 4 prod., L., 1954; Acute rheumatism,
in book; Lang G. F. Textbook vnutr. Bol., t. 2, p. 2, page 332, L., 1941; The Nutritional dystrophy in the blocked Leningrad, L., 1947 (bus of a number of the Art. and edition); The Doctrine about an allergy in the light of pathology of wartime, Owls. medical, No. 7, page 8, 1948.
Bibliography: Gembitsky E. V.,
M. V. Chernorutsky (To the 100 anniversary since birth), Klin, medical, t. 62, No. 11, €. 147, 1984; Musiychuk Yu. I. Mikhail Vasilyevich Chernorutsky (doctor, scientist, teacher), L., 1965, bibliogr.