BUNCHES Alexander Sergeyevich (1887 — 1952) — the Soviet doctor, the organizer of health care, the doctor of medical sciences (1947), zasl. doctor of RSFSR (1944). Member of the CPSU.
In 1911 ended medical f-t Moscow un-that. Would work as the medical expert in Moscow, and in the years of World War I — in Russian about-ve Red the Cross. From 1918 to 1921 served in Red Army; was the chief of military and sanitary trains. Since 1921 worked in Moszdravotdel; in 1922 — the chief of the Central department of transportation of patients (Tsentropunkt); since 1923 — the station-master of ambulance with base at Sheremetyevskaya-tse (nowadays Scientific Research Institute of Emergency Medicine of N. V. Sklifosovsky).
A.C. Puchkov for the first time developed and implemented in practice of the Moscow station of ambulance (1922 — 1952) philosophy of the organization of the emergency medical aid at a pre-hospital stage in the cities (ambulance, acute management at home, emergency mental health services, transportation of patients); defined structure of stations of ambulance, function of mobile teams, dispatching services, communication lines (a city index 03, a feedforward, an intercom, a radio communication); developed the preventive area of work of the station. It was directly involved in the organization of seven substations of ambulance in Moscow, in creation of specialized motor transport and its equipment; developed and implemented forms of the account and the reporting in system of ambulance. In 1941 personally directed work of mobile teams of ambulance in the city centers of defeat.
It was elected the deputy of the Moscow Council (1947).
It is awarded the order the Labour Red Banner and medals.
Works: Moscow Station of Ambulance, Mosk. medical zhurn., No. 6, page 102, 1927; Control methods of work of personnel of stations of Ambulance, Saturday. works 1st Vsesoyuz. konf. on the organization and giving of the fast medical help, page 133, L., 1939; Organization of the Moscow station of ambulance, yew., M., 1946; The Organization of emergency medical service in Moscow, M., 1947, 1959.
Bibliography: Messel M. A. Organization of work of the city station of emergency medical service, page 25, L., 1968; A.S. Puchkov's Memory, Owls. zdravookhr., No. 5, page 63, 1952; Svetlyakov A. G. A. S. Bunches — the outstanding figure of the Soviet health care, in the same place, No. 10, page 66, 1963.
V. Ya. Ilyin.