From Big Medical Encyclopedia

BLOOD TRANSFUSION STATION — the establishment of health care intended for preparation of donor blood, components and blood preparations, blood-substituting liquids.

The first institutions of service of blood in our country began to be created in the mid-twenties when it was organized Central in-t of hematology and hemotransfusion with the branches reorganized in the subsequent into the stations and offices of hemotransfusion.

Page of the item to. on an administrative-territorial sign subdivide on republican, regional, regional and city. There are also departmental S. of the item to. (Ministries of Railways, defense, etc.).

In S.'s structure of the item to. nine main divisions can enter.

1. The department of completing and medical survey of donors (see) providing selection of donors, their accounting, medical examination, immunization of donors for receiving to lay down. - the prof. of immune drugs.

2. The department of preparation of blood and its components which is carrying out blood sampling and plasmas from donors, production of components of blood. In this department there is a surgery block. Mobile teams, auxiliary services and an expedition are a part of department, gives edges to lay down. - the prof. to institutions transfusion environments and standard group serums, and also obtains operational information about reserves of blood in to lay down. institutions and divisions of service of blood.

3. The clinical laboratory conducting a blood analysis of the donor and stored blood (definition group and a Rhesus factor accessory, amounts of hemoglobin, number of erythrocytes, leukocytes, thrombocytes, reticulocytes, a leukocytic formula, content of bilirubin, statement of ROE, reactions to syphilis, the Australian antigen, etc.).

4. The laboratory of standard serums making standard group (AVO), antileukocytic, antirezusny serums, defining a caption of specific antibodies in blood of immunizirovanny donors, in immune plasm and immunoglobulins.

5. A Rhesus factor laboratory, establishing a Rhesus factor accessory of blood of donors, conducting its research on isoimmune antibodies, individual selection and typing of blood of donors and recipients.

6. The bacteriological laboratory exercising control of sterility of products, and also supervision of observance of requirements of an asepsis during production.

7. The department of lyophilizing of biological products making drying of plasma, blood preparations and their semi-finished products by a lyophilic method.

8. The laboratory (department, department) of fractionation of plasma which is carrying out allocation of protein fractions of plasma and releasing ready dosage forms.

9. The inspection department exercising supervision of observance of normative and technical requirements and quality control of products. In S.'s structure of the item to. also organizational and methodical department exercising control, the methodical and advisory help to healthcare institutions for questions can enter hemotransfusions (see).

Page of the item to. take place in the buildings which are specially built according to the standard or individual project. The adapted rooms answering to the sanitary and construction standards shown to institutions of service of blood can be by way of exception used.

Structure and number of personnel of S. of the item to. is defined by the regular standards approved by M3 of the USSR and depend on the volume of production activity — preparation and processing of blood, including fractionation of plasma.

The blood transfusion station in Armed Forces is intended for preparation, receiving, storage of stored blood and its drugs, providing with them parts and institutions of military-medical service. S.'s problems of the item to. are: planning and organization of donorship; the organization of preparation of blood with attraction to this work of medical staff of military units and to lay down. institutions; organization and carrying out preparation and improvement of medical staff for preparation and hemotransfusion, its components and drugs, and also blood-substituting liquids; interaction with blood transfusion stations of a health system.

In S.'s structure of the item to. enter: departments — donor and preparations of blood, its components, dry plasma; laboratories — isoserological, serological, standard serums; expedition.

In days of the Great Patriotic War of 1941 — 1945 there were army and front S. of the item to., which provided with blood and blood substitutes stages of medical evacuation (see). Page of the item to. along with preparation of blood and its components organized reception of blood from S. of the item to. M3 of the USSR, and also from institutes of hemotransfusion, carried out its storage and distribution on medical institutions. S. directed the item to. departments of hemotransfusion of fronts and armies. By the end of the Great Patriotic War three types C. of the item were created to.: stationary, mobile and army. Page of the item to. hospital bases, provided with stored blood to lay down. institutions hospital base (see), and also acting on the MSB and OHM this direction O. As a part of S. of the item to. there are departments: preparations of blood, processing of blood, laboratory, storages and transportations of blood forming their basic unit. Besides, the mobile teams which are carrying out preparation of blood in military units and among local population are their part. The basic unit working in an arrangement of hospital base provides mobile teams with necessary property for capture of blood and transport, and also accepts the blood and its drugs prepared by mobile teams and other stations, provides their storage, conducts laboratory researches and supplies with blood and its drugs the AF medical institutions of the USSR. Page of the item to. can prepare, besides, standard izogy the agglutinating serums, and also the preserving solutions (in the absence of them in the centralized deliveries).

See also Hemotransfusion, organization of service of blood .

Bibliography: Ivanov L. V. Organizational and practical questions of service of blood, page 6, Minsk, 1980; The Handbook on transfusiology, under the editorship of O. K. Gavrilov, page 15, M., 1980; The Guide to the general and clinical transfusiology, under the editorship of B. V. Petrovsky, page 33, M., 1979.

V. M. Rusanov; S. V. Ryzhkov (soldier.).