BILSHOVSKY Max (Bielschowsky Max, 1869 — 1940) — the German neuromorphologist. Ended medical f-t Munich un-that, till 1896 worked in Frankfurt am Main in a neurology unit Zenkenbergovsky pathoanatomical in-that. From 1896 to 1905 — the assistant and the head of laboratory at department of psychiatry Berlin un-that. All follow-up scientific activity of M. Bilshovsky proceeded in neurobiological in-that and in-that for a research of a brain Berlin un-that. After arrival of fascists to the power emigrated to Holland.
The main scientific works of M. Bilshovsky devoted to researches of a patomorfologiya of a nervous system at her various organic diseases (an amaurotic idiocy, a disease of Recklinghausen, back tabes, a multiple sclerosis, etc.), made a valuable contribution to studying of a morphogenesis, and partly and a pathogeny of these diseases. One of forms of an amaurotic idiocy — a late infantile form of Bilshovsky — Yansky is called by his name. He developed a technique of impregnation by silver of nervous tissue (a neurofibrillar method), edges is applied both in an original form, and in numerous modifications (see. Bilshovsky-Groce-Lavrentiev method ).
M. Bilshovsky took part in the edition of a number of the guides to neuromorphology to whom the main heads of normal and pathological morphology of a nervous system are written to them.
Works: Neurofibrillen, in book: Enzyklopad. d. mikroskop. Technik, hrsg. v. R. Krause, Bd 3, S. 1676, B. — Wien, 1927; Nervenge-webe, Allgemeine Morphologie der Gang-lienzelle, Handb, mikr. Anat. Menschen, hrsg. v. W. Mollendorff, Bd 4, S. 1, B., 1928; Histopathology of nerve cells, in book: Cytol. cell. path. nerv. system, ed. by W. PEN-field, v. 1, p. 145, N. Y., 1932; Allgemeine Histologie und Histopathologie des Ner-vensystems, Handb. Neurol., hrsg. v. O. Bumke u. O. Foerster, Bd 1, S. 35, B., 1935.
Bibliography: Bielschowsky Max, Lancet, v. 2, p. 534, 1940; L e v at F. H. Max Bielschowsky, 1869 — 1940, Trans. Amer, neurol. Ass., v. 67, p. 243, 1941.
Yu. M. Zhabotinsky.