From Big Medical Encyclopedia

BERNATSKY Edmund (Biernacki Edmund, 1866 — 1911) — the Polish therapist and the historian of medicine. In 1889 ended Warsaw un-t, then worked in clinics of Paris, Heidelberg and Hesse (Germany). After return to Poland received the place of the intern in clinic Warsaw un-that. Since 1902 until the end of life worked in Lviv where protected dokt. the thesis it was also elected the associate professor, and then professor of department of the general pathology.

In 1894 E. Bernatsky offered, and in 1897 published a method of definition of a blood sedimentation rate (ROE). He established that at fever of ROE it is accelerated and that its speed depends on the level of fibrinogen in blood. R. Fanraeus studying this method in 1918 recognized that E. Bernatsky the first paid attention on practical and the ROE clinical value (see. Sedimentation of erythrocytes ). E. Bernatsky the first described a symptom of decrease in sensitivity of an elbow nerve at metasyphilitic diseases (Bernatsky's symptom). From historical and medical works deserve attention of its work about essence and limits of medical knowledge and of essence of a disease.

Works: Samoistna sedymentacja krwi Jako naukowa i praktyczno-kliniczna metoda badania, Gaz. lek., 2. s., p. 962, 996, 1897 and Dtsch. med. Wschr., S. 769, 847, 1897.

Bibliography: Cienciala T. Edmund Biernacki (1866 — 1911) wybitny patologi tw6rca metody okreslania szybkoSci opa-dania krwinek, Wiad. lek., t. 18, s. 1825, 1965; Fabicki J. W czterdziesta ro-cznice smierci prof. E. Biernackiego, Farm, pol., No. 5, p. 103, 1951; S m about 1 u-chowski A. Discoverer of erythrocyte sedimentation reaction, Bull. int. Acad. Cracovie, Cl. M6d., p. 155, 1949.

V. S. Grazhul.