BERING Emil (Behring Emil, 1854 — 1917) — the German bacteriologist, the member of the Parisian academy (1900), the Nobel Prize laureate (1901). Got a medical education in Berlin. Was a medical officer, worked for R. Koch.
Since 1894 — professor of hygiene in Halle, since 1895 — in Marburg, in created by it Ying-those experimental therapy. E. Bering opened medicinal properties of anti-toxic serums (see) which he received by an injection an animal of bacteritic cultures and toxins. Use of the anti-diphtheritic serum received by it for treatment of diphtheria sharply reduced mortality from this disease. In 1890 E. Beringu was succeeded to receive antitetanic serum. The phenomenon of strengthening at introduction of fractional doses of toxin is opened for them (see. Beringa phenomenon ). From other scientific works of E. Beringa experience of vaccination of calfs intravenous introduction of the live weakened bacteria of human tuberculosis was of great importance. E. Bering adhered to the theory of intestinal infection with tuberculosis and recommended to eat milk of immunizirovanny cows as the best prophylactic against tuberculosis at children. In the last years of life E. Bering developed a way of active immunization against diphtheria by an injection of mix of toxin with antitoxin.
Works: Allgemeine Therapie der Infektions-krankheiten, B. — Wien, 1900 (Russian lane, SPb., 1900); Diphtherie, V., 1901; Moderne phthisiogenetische und phthisiotherapeutische Probleme in historischer Be-leuchtung, B., 1906; Einfiirung in die Lehre von der Bekampfung der Infektions-krankheiten, B., 1912.
Bibliography: Bering E., Pharm. zhurn., Kya 9-11, page 110, 1917; Satter H. Emil von Behring, Bad Godesberg, 1967.
H. M. Glasno.