BERGMANN Ernst (Bergmann Ernst, 1836 — 1907) is the German surgeon. Was born in Riga. Upon termination of Derptsky un-that (1860) was the assistant to surgical clinic, then professor of the same un-that.
In 1882 it is elected professor Berlin un-that. As the consultant-surgeon took part in French-Prussian (1870 — 1871) and the Russian-Turkish (1877 — 1878) wars. The wide experience in field surgery, especially in treatment of wounds, it transferred to conditions of peace time. Having considered the harmful parties «listerovsky shpreya», participated in development of a way of aseptic treatment of wounds (1891). The big merit of E. Bergmann is that he used high temperature of a boiling water and couple for destruction of microbes on tools, a dressing and suture material. For this purpose E. Bergmann together with the pupil C. Schimmelbusch developed a method of an asepsis (see).
E. Bergmann's works, especially on gunshot wounds of a skull, became classical. Also modification of surgery at the gidrotsel is offered them.
Compositions: Über die Wunden der Leber und Gallenblase, Diss., Lpz., 1864; Die Behandlung der Schusswunden des Kniegelenke im Kriege, Stuttgart, 1878; Die Lehre von den Kopfverletzungen, in book: Dtsch. Chir., hrsg. v.BiWroth u. Lu ecke, Llg 30, Stuttgart, 1880; Die chirurgische Behandlung von Hirnkrankheiten, B., 1889.
Bibliography: Utkin V. V. Ernst Bergman (1836 — 1907), in book: From history medical, under the editorship of P. I. Stradynya, etc., t. 2, page 291, Riga, 1959; In uchholtz A. Emst von Bergmann, Lpz.» 1913.