BENKAIN (Bencainum; synonym of Bencain; joint venture. B) — anesthetic. ß-Dietilaminoetilovogo of ether of the benzoic acid hydrochloride, C 13 H 19 NO 2 • NSL:
White crystal powder, we will very easily dissolve in water, it is easy — in alcohol; it is slightly hygroscopic.
On anesthetizing B.'s activity it is close to novocaine (see), but is less toxic.
Apply to all types of anesthesia, except superficial, in surgery, stomatology, ophthalmology, dermatology (to blockade at a pruritic dermatosis); most widely drug is used in out-patient dental practice (0,5; 1 and 2% solutions). Apply 0,25 to an infiltration anesthesia; 0,5; 1 and 2% solutions, for anesthesia by A. V. Vishnevsky's method — 0,25 and 0,5% solutions, for conduction anesthesia — 2%, for intra bone — 0,25 and 0,5% solutions. B. it is compatible to adrenaline. Side reactions are observed seldom; at persons 50 years are more senior B. (2% solution) sometimes makes dizziness, sick, pallor of integuments, tachycardia.
Forms of release: powder and 0,5; 1 and 2% solutions in ampoules on 1; 2 and 5 ml. Keep in well corked container and in ampoules in the place protected from light.
See also Anesthetics .
Getman I. I. Experience of use of Trimecainum and benkain in surgical stomatology, Stomatology, t. 48, JVb 6, page 76, 1969; Kucheruk A. S. Results of experimental and clinical studying of anesthetic of a benkain, Doctor, business, jsft 11, page 50, 1965.
H. T. Pryanishnikova.