BEKLER Antawn (Beclere Antoine, 1856 — 1939) — the French X-ray radiologist of the period of formation and initial development of this specialty; the member of the French medical academy (1908), since 1928 its president. Graduated from Faculte de Medecine in 1877. Began studying of use of X-ray in medicine now after their opening (1895) by V. Rentgen. Since 1897 systematically read for doctors in hospital of Saint-Antawn (Paris) a course of lectures but radiologies. The circle of scientific interests of A. Bekler covered all radiology and radiology of that time. Development of questions of medical X-ray engineering and the equipment, bases of the general and private radiodiagnosis and a roentgenotherapy is connected with his name. On a disputable then question of the one who shall be engaged in a medical radiology A. Beck-ler argued the correct point of view, claiming that this business of doctors, but not physicists. Data of X-ray inspection, in his opinion, are not self-sufficing and shall not be opposed to clinic, and gain only then practical value when they are combined with all clinical data.
In February, 1897, at the beginning of a radiology, And. Bekler published the first work on radiodiagnosis (about radiological recognition of aneurism of an aortic arch), in 1898 — detailed article about radiodiagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis, in 1899 — the monograph about radiodiagnosis in clinic, and in 1902 about a roentgenotherapy. In 1905 he published the textbook of a medical radiology for doctors. In 1907 at a congress of the French surgeons made the report on beam treatment of malignant tumors. World fame got A. Bekler's job on a roentgenotherapy of fibroma of a uterus and tumors of a hypophysis; he the first paid attention to big sensitivity of seminomas to a radiant energy.
In 1908 A. Bekler founded Society of radiologists and radiologists of France. In 1931 he was the chairman of the III International congress of radiologists and radiologists (Paris).
Works: Les rayons de Riintgen et le diagnostic de maladies internes, P., 1904; Radiologie et radiumtherapie, in book: Traite de patliol. medicale, publ. sous Ja dir. de E. Sergent, t. 32, P., 1921.
Bibliography: Beclere A. Antoine Beclere — pionier en endocrinologie, l’un des fondateurs de la virologie et de l’immunologie, fondateur de la radiologie frangais, 185(5—1939, P., 1973; Case J. T. Antoine Beclere, Amer. J. Roentgenol., v. 41, p. 1022, 1939; DesJardins A. U. In memoriam Antoine Beclere, Radiology, v. 32, p. 622, 1939; Meyer H. u. Schinz H. R. Antoine of Vyos1yoge, Widmung zuin 80. Geburtstage, S trail lentherapie, Bd 56, S. 2, 1936.
S. A. Reynberg.