From Big Medical Encyclopedia

BATHING BUILDING — the construction intended for issue of bathtubs and other medical procedures from mineral (balneolechebnitsa) or fresh (balneary) water. Century z. in resorts and out of resorts are constructed on the specially allotted land plots. The sites planned for V.'s construction z., shall meet the health requirements imposed at construction to lay down. - professional, institutions (natural airing, direct solar radiation, low level of standing of subsoil waters and so forth).

The choice of land area for V. z. the dignity is coordinated with local bodies state. supervision.

Number of procedural places, structure of rooms, capacity of V. z. are calculated depending on the contingent of the patients serviced by V. z.

On site B. z. shall be provided: green plantings (60% of the total area of the site); places for parking of passenger transport with a gap between V. z. and parking not less than 25 m. Site B. z. shall have 2 entrances: one for passenger transport, another for the transport intended for hozyaystvenno - production needs.

Fig. 1. Bathing cabin from two razdevalnyama: 1 — a corridor for patients; 2 — razdevaln; z — a bathtub; 4 — a corridor for personnel. Fig. 2. The general bathing hall on 10 places and the general razdevalnya on 15 places: 1 — places for an undressing; 2 — bathtubs; 3 — a table of the nurse.

On a design distinguish V. z. two types. 1. Century z. with the bathing hall divided by partitions (screens) 2,2 m high into individual cabins which are reported on the one hand with a working corridor for the medical staff which is releasing medical procedures, and on the other hand — through individual razdevaln with a corridor for sick (fig. 1). 2. Century z. with the general hall and the general razdevalny at it. This type B. z. it is applied in children's and psychiatric to lay down. - professional, institutions where constant careful observation of personnel of all patients is required during reception of procedures (fig. 2).

Height of rooms of the bathing hall not less than 3,9 m; other rooms — 3,0 m. Width of rooms: cabins — from 1,8 to 2,3 m depending on installation of a bathtub in the center of a cabin or at a wall of a cabin; a corridor for sick 2,0 m; the corridor for patients combined from ozhidalny, 3,2 m; a working corridor for personnel of 0,9 m

Krom of the specified rooms, in V. z. rooms for atm are provided. - hoz. personnel, economic services. Medical pools, the LFK halls, massage, ingalyatoriya, etc. can be also provided (see the tab.).

Each bathing cabin, as a rule, shall have 2 individual razdevaln. Design of bathing cabins with one razdevalny is allowed. At a bilateral arrangement of procedural cabins in V. z. the corridor for patients is recommended to have in the center (along an axis) the hall, and working corridors — along outside walls. Procedural halls shall be isolated from all other rooms. The restroom shall be placed on one floor with procedural cabins or on underlying floors.

Century z., projected to 3 and more floors, shall be equipped with elevators.

Walls of rooms with the increased air humidity shall be revetted with a glazed tile of light tones on height not less than 1,8 m, and in hydropathic halls and shower — on height from a floor to a ceiling. Air temperature is established depending on purpose of rooms and fluctuates from 18 ° (the waiting room, restrooms, an office of the doctor, etc.) to 25 ° (procedural rooms, bathing cabins, razdevaln).

Half of the hydropathic hall shall be revetted with a rough metlakhsky tile, be warmed and have an inclination of 1 cm by 1 m 2 towards a ladder.

Century z. it is equipped with devices for supply with a hot and cold water, central heating, positive-pressure ventilation with mechanical and thermal motivation and heating of an incoming air.

System water and sewers of V. z. shall be available to control and repair at damages (to be located in the cellar, a semi-basement). Features of the device of a balneary and a balneolechebnitsa — see. Balneolechebnitsa , Balneary .


Bibliography: Olefirenko V. T. Water-thermotherapy, M., 1970, bibliogr.

D. G. Oppengeym.