BALFUR FRANCIS Maitland (Balfour Francis Maitland, 1851 — 1882) is the English zoologist and the embryologist; member of the London royal island (1878). Was engaged in research work still in the student. In 1874 it is elected the member of Scientific board Cambridge un-that and since 1875 began to give lectures on embryology and morphology of animals. In 1882 in Cambridge the department of morphology of animals was founded especially for it. F. Balfur was the representative of the evolutionary direction in science. It possesses researches about evolutions of lamellibranch of fishes (1878), sketches from morphological laboratory in Cambridge and the guide to comparative embryology (1880 — 1881). F. Balfur died, having fallen a victim of accident in the Swiss Alps.
Works: A monograph on the development of elasmobranch fishes, L., 1878; A treatise on comparative embryology, v. 1 — 2, L., 1880 — 1881; Studies from the morphological laboratory in the university of Cambridge, v. 1—2, L., 1880 — 1882 (edit.); The elements of embryology, L., 1893 (sovm. with Foster M.).
Bibliography: Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Arzte, hrsg. v. A. Hirsch, Bd 1, S. 303, B. — Wien, 1929; Walde-yerW. Francis Maitland Balfour, Arch, mikr. Anat., Bd 21, S. 828, 1882.
Century of H. Ternovsky.