BALANDIN Ilya Fedoseevich (1834 — 1893) — the Russian obstetrician-gynecologist. In 1858 graduated from the St. Petersburg medicochirurgical academy; worked the intern of an obstetrical institution St. Petersburg educational at home and in Elizabethan children's hospital. Dokt, defended the dissertation in 1871; in the researches showed harm of swaddling of babies. Since 1873 — professor; since 1874 and until the end of life headed St. Petersburg povivalny in-t. One of the first beginnings to apply antiseptics in obstetrics. The lethality of women in childbirth from septic diseases at institute decreased to 0,2% that was big achievement for those times. I. F. Balangding is the initiator of introduction of an epiziotomiya to obstetric practice in Russia; opposed operation of imposing of high obstetric nippers.
In addition to teaching at institute, I. F. Balangding gave lectures on Female medical courses, and also on courses for the doctors specializing on obstetrics and gynecology; he was a member of Society of the Russian doctors, the founder member of the Obstetric and gynecologic island in St. Petersburg.
Works: About an origin normal krivizn a backbone at the person, a yew., SPb., 1871; About measurement of a dead basin in general and women's in particular and about delimitation of a bone parturient canal, Protocols of the Island of Russian doctors in SPb., page 32, 1870 — 1871; About operations of artificial premature births, the Diary of the 1st congress Mosk. — St. Petersburg, medical islands in N. I. Pirogov's memory, No. 6, page 108, SPb., 1886.
Bibliography: Viridarsky S. T., I. F. Balangding, Zhurn. akush. and wives. Bol., t. 7, Hp 11, page 884, 1893, bibliogr.; The Russian biographic dictionary, under the editorship of A. A. Polovtsev, t. 2, page 441, SPb., 1900; Hundred fifty years of activity of the Central institute of obstetrics and gynecology of the Ministry of Health of the USSR, under the editorship of R. G. Lurye, t. 2, page 51, L., 1947.
V. I. Grishchenko.