From Big Medical Encyclopedia

ANKILOVLEFARON (Greek ankyloblepharon — an union a century) — a partial or full union of edges the century therefore the palpebral fissure is narrowed or completely is absent. Distinguish inborn and acquired And.

At inborn And. the union is more often observed a century at temporal edge, the century is more rare from the nasal party; in the latter case shift towards the lacrimal opening and corresponding lengthening of the lower lacrimal tubule, increase in sizes of the lacrimal meat and its strong union with a back surface of a lower eyelid is usually noted. Sometimes the inborn union in the form of a thin connective tissue tyazh who is considered as the rest of the full union which was in uterine life a century meets a century.

And. it is often combined with other anomalies of development of an eye (a ptosis of a century, epikantus, a coloboma of a choroid, mikroftalm, an anophthalmus, etc.). In some cases it is possible to prove authentically hereditary transfer of anomaly of development of an eye in dominant or recessive type.

Acquired And. develops at burns a century acids, alkalis, molten metal, at the diphtheria and other diseases which are followed by formation of ulcerations at edges a century. Quite often And. the century with an eyeglobe is combined with an union of a conjunctival surface (symblepharon).

Treatment. At And. an operative measure is shown: separation of accrete edges century and covering their mucous membrane.

Prevention. For the prevention And. follows at burns a century and other diseases with ulcerations of edges a century to put ointment, protective laying between their edges.

See also Eyelids .

Bibliography: Multivolume guide to eye diseases, iod of an edition of V. N. Arkhangelsky, t. 2, book 1, M., 1960; Badtke G. Die Missbildungen des menschlichen Auges, in book: Der Augenarzt, hrsg. v. K. Velhagen, Bd 4, S. 251, Lpz., 1961, Bibliogr.; Seefelder R. Die Missbildungen des menschlichen Auges, Kurzes Handb. Ophthalm., hrsg. v. F. Schieck u. A. Brückner, Bd 1, S. 519, V., 1930, Bibliogr.

S. I. Talkovsky, A. I. Volokonenko.