AMOSOV Nikolay Mikhaylovich (sort. in 1913) — the Soviet surgeon, the academician of AN of USSR (1969), the member correspondent of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1961), the honored worker of science of USSR (1958), Hera of Socialist Work (1973), the winner of the Lenin award (1961).
Ended Arkhangelsk medical in-t in 1939, All-Union correspondence industrial in-t — in 1940. In 1947 — 1952 — the manager. surgical department of the Bryansk Region of hospital. In 1953 protected dokt. thesis. Since 1952 directed clinic of chest surgery, and since 1968 — the deputy director on science of the Ukrainian scientific research institute of tuberculosis and chest surgery of F. G. Yanovsky. From 1955 to 1970 headed department of chest surgery Ying-that improvements of doctors (Kiev); since 1960 Ying-that directs department of biological cybernetics of cybernetics of AN of USSR.
N. M. Amosov is an author about 250 scientific works, including 10 monographs.
The main direction it scientific practical activities — thoracic surgery and biological cybernetics. He develops questions of surgical treatment of diseases of lungs, hearts, artificial circulation, physiology of heart, regulation of functions of internals, medical and biological cybernetics, modeling of processes of thinking and mentality. Designed a number of medical devices; modification of the cardiopulmonary bypass, prostheses of valves of heart is offered them.
Works: Pneumonectomies and resections of lungs at tuberculosis, a yew., Bryansk, 1952; The Pneumonectomy and pneumonectomies at tuberculosis, M., 1957; Sketches of thoracic surgery, Kiev, 1958; Heart Operations with artificial circulation, Kiev, 1962 (sovm. with other); Modelling of thinking and mentality, Kiev, 1965; The Automated system of data processing, t. 1, Kiev, 1969 (sovm. with other); Self-control of heart, Kiev, 1969 (sovm. with other); Surgery of heart diseases, Kiev, 1969 (sovm. with Bendet Ya. A.); Medical information system, Kiev, 1971 (sovm. with other).
I. V. Bogorad.