ALOES — purgative; firm weight from the condensed juice of leaves of different types of an aloe.
By outward separate samples of S. differ from each other. So, cape aloes (Aloe capensis) have an appearance of the brilliant, vitreous, translucent at the edges pieces with a smooth break, and Aloe Curasao aloes represent the opaque, not translucent at the edges komkovaty weight with granular fracture. The page can be also in the form of flour bitter on taste, with off-flavor.
C. let's well dissolve in water and in 60% alcohol, it is very poorly ether-soluble, insoluble in chloroform. Receive S. evaporation of juice aloe (see) in the sun.
Active ingredients C. are antraglikozida, mix to-rykh in this means is called aloi-namp. In intestines under the influence of alkaline condition and bile they are split on pectine sugar and aloes-emos-dynes, to-ry irritates interoretseptor of intestines and in this regard strengthens its peristaltics, causing thereby laxative effect. Laxative action of S. is caused by selective influence of antraglikozid on a large intestine and comes in 8 — 10 hours Besides, cholagogue properties, ability to strengthen secretion of glands and to tempt appetite are found in S.
In the USSR drugs C. are not included in the State register of pharmaceuticals and are not used in medical practice.
See also Purgatives .
Bibliography: Turova A. D. Medicinal plants of the USSR and their use, page 228, M., 1974.
S. Ya. Sokolov.