ALOE (Aloë) — sort of herbaceous or treelike plants this. lily family. The homeland — the dry areas of Africa, Madagascar, the Arabian peninsula, the islands of Zanzibar and Socotra. Stalks are upright, branching, leaves next, fleshy, juicy, amplexcaul, from the upper party — channeled and concave, from below — convex, at the edges — with gravelly teeth (fig). About 250 types of A. Mnogiye from them — adornment plants are known. For preparation of drugs leaves and side escapes («children») use And. treelike — A. arborescens Mill, (the homeland — South Africa, in the USSR industrial plantations in Adjara and the Western Georgia are created).
Drugs A. contain biogenic stimulators (see).
From the leaves preserved by V. P. Filatov's method prepare extract of an aloe (Extractum Aloës fluiduni). Drug is used by hl. obr. for fabric therapy at many eye diseases (an opacity of the vitreous body, the progressing short-sightedness, pigmental regeneration of a retina, conjunctivitis, etc.), and also at a peptic ulcer of a stomach and duodenum, a lupus, etc. Enter under skin daily 1 ml within a month. Inside appoint on 1 chayn. l. 3 times a day within 30 — 45 days. Drug is contraindicated at a serious cardiovascular illness, acute went. - kish. diseases, pregnancy more than 7 months. Extract of an aloe is produced in ampoules on 1 ml and in bottles on 50, 100 and 200 ml.
The juice of an aloe received from fresh leaves is applied outwardly at treatment of purulent wounds, burns and inflammatory diseases of skin, and also inside on 1 chayn. or des. l. 2 — 3 times a day at chronic gastritises and locks.
From juice of leaves prepare linimentum of an aloe (Linimentum Aloës) which is applied at treatment of burns, to the prevention and treatment of damages of skin at radiation therapy. The juice evaporated dry from leaves And. is called aloes (see).
See also Medicinal plants .
Bibliography: The atlas of medicinal plants of the USSR, under the editorship of N. V. Tsitsin, page 28, M., 1962; Volynsk M. B. and Gogitidze S. D. Aloe, its culture and medical supplies, Subtrop, cultures, No. 1, page 123, 1963, bibliogr.; Kibalchich P. N., Molodozhnikov M. M. and Berezhinskaya V. V. The aloe is treelike, M., 1957; Mashkovsky M. D. Pharmaceuticals, p.1 — 2, M., 1972; Schröter A. I., etc. New foreign literature on types of a sort of an aloe of Aloe L. and the substances which are contained in them, Rastiteln. resources, t. 3, century 1, page 135, 1967.
A. I. Schröter.