ALL-RUSSIAN CONGRESS of MEDICAL AND SANITARY DEPARTMENTS of Councils of working, country and soldier's deputies. The first congress of representatives of medical and sanitary departments of Councils convened according to V. I. Lenin Sovetom's proposal of medical boards took place on June 15 — 18, 1918 in Moscow.
The following was the main questions of the agenda: organization and tasks central medical dignity. bodies of the Soviet republic, state medical dignity. affairs and its construction on a new basis; philosophy of construction of the local Soviet medical and sanitary organizations and their task; the organization of fight against epidemics in the conditions of the Soviet republic; the immediate tasks of fight against social diseases.
Concerning the organization central a medical dignity. bodies the congress made the decision on creation of the National commissariat of health care (Narkomzdrav) of RSFSR and Academic medical council at it. The congress considered the main task in the organization of medicine on places elimination of interdepartmental partitions and creation of uniform nation-wide system of the Soviet medicine. The congress proclaimed the principles of the Soviet medicine (the public, free, qualified treatment), emphasized the leading role of the Soviet state in implementation of recreational actions. Value of the public in work of bodies of health care was noted, it is specified that one of fixed assets of elimination a dignity. shall become illiteracy of the population a dignity. education. The congress called for the organization of fight against epidemics. The main objective in the area a school dignity was defined. affairs — protection physical. and mental health of children of all age and correct statement their physical. education.
The congress summed up the results of work Council of medical boards (see) and local medical - a dignity. departments. Decisions of a congress formed the basis of all organization and activity of health care in the first years of the Soviet power.
For the purpose of establishment of a continuous communication with local medical bodies it was decided to oblige Narkomzdrav of RSFSR to convene periodically congresses medical - a dignity. departments (zdravotdel). Programs of the subsequent All-Russian congresses of zdravotdel (all till 1930 there were 7 congresses) included the topical issues of the Soviet health care connected with construction of socialism in the country and laid the foundation of creation and development Soviet health care (see).
See also Medical congresses .
Bibliography: Gribanov E. D. The All-Russian congresses of zdravotdel and their value for practice of the Soviet health care, M., 1966, bibliogr.; Nesterenko A. I. As the National commissariat of health care of RSFSR, by M., was formed 1965; Resolution of the 1st All-Russian congress of medical and sanitary departments of Councils, Izv. owls. medical, No. 5-6, page 13, 1918; Z.P.K'S Nightingales to a congress of medical and sanitary departments of Councils, in the same place, No. 2-3, page 3.
E. D. Gribanov