ALEXANIAN ARTAUD Bogdanovitch (1892 — 1971) — the Soviet epidemiologist, the academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1960). Ended medical f-t Odessa un-that in 1916. From 1920 to 1926 worked as the rural doctor in the Baraninsky, Dilijan and Nor-Bayazetsky Counties of Armenia. In 1929 the dignity organized in Yerevan the first. - a gigabyte. the laboratory which grew afterwards in republican scientific research institute of epidemiology, virology and medical parasitology. To this scientific research institute where the scientist worked as the deputy director on science and headed epidemiological department, in 1971 the name of A. B. Aleksanyan is appropriated. In 1931 he organized in Yerevan medical in-those department of epidemiology, the cut directed until the end of life. From 1935 to 1940 A. B. Aleksanyan — the main state dignity. inspector of the Automated workplace. SSR; since 1951 — the permanent chairman of Academic medical council of MZ Automated workplace. SSR.
Scientific works of A. B. Aleksanyan (them apprx. 200) are devoted to hl. obr. to questions of regional epidemiology of the Automated workplace. SSR, and also epidemiology, immunity and prevention of diphtheria and dysentery. One of the first he raised a question of a possibility of elimination in the nature of the causative agent of diphtheria as species. In the monograph «Diphtheria» (1957, 1971) on the basis of long-term observations A. B. Aleksanyan called in question the widespread provision on constancy and stability of types of a diphtheritic microbe, revealed epidemiological value of bacillicarriers, formulated the principles and ways of elimination of diphtheria,
Under the leadership of A. B. Aleksanyan 62 theses, from them 15 dokt are prepared. Since 1939 — it is a member of presidium All-Union and since 1937 the permanent chairman of republican society of microbiologists, epidemiologists and infectiologists.
A. B. Aleksanyan is an author and the editor of an edition of department «Epidemiology and infectious diseases» of BME (the 2nd prod.) and Small medical encyclopedia. Also «the Sign of Honour», and also medals and certificates of honor is awarded by the Order of Lenin, awards of the Red Banner, the Red Star.
Works: Diphtheria, M., 1957, M., 1971; To a problem of elimination of the causative agent of diphtheria, Yerevan, 1966.
Bibliography: Artaud Bogdanovich Aleksanyan, Azerbaydzhansk. medical zhurn.» No. 10, page 85, 1960.
E. S. Gabriyelyam.