ALEXANDROV Nikolay Nikolaevich

From Big Medical Encyclopedia
ALEXANDROV Nikolay Nikolaevich

ALEXANDROV Nikolay Nikolaevich (sort. in 1917) — the Soviet surgeon-oncologist, the member correspondent of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences (1974), professor (1962). The member of the CPSU since 1939.

Upon termination of in 1940 VMA of S. M. Kirov is left at department of faculty surgery. In days of the Great Patriotic War — the commander of medical battalion, the Art. the surgeon, then the chief of field mobile hospital. In 1950 — 1960 — the teacher of department of faculty surgery of VMA of S. M. Kirov. Since 1960 in-that heads scientific research institute of oncology and medical radiology of MZ BSSR and at the same time department of oncology Belarusian improvements of doctors (Minsk).

N. N. Alexandrov is an author over 180 scientific works, including monographs concerning surgery, treatment of gunshot wounds of a skull and the combined defeats, clinical oncology, medical radiology and the organization of anticarcinogenic fight. It developed methods of recognition of damages of venous sine of a firm meninx at gunshot wounds of a skull and brain, the original way of a stop of bleedings at these heavy damages is offered (1941 — 1946). In 1967 N. N. Alexandrov offered a new type of surgical intervention at far come breast cancer — operation of switching of outflow of a venous blood from the left adrenal gland in portal system in combination with a right-hand adrenalectomy. This operation is not less effective, than the bilateral adrenalectomy, and after it is not required appointments of lifelong replacement therapy as the patient with a cortisone. The cycle of researches (1962 — 1973) is devoted to questions of use of the surgical, beam and combined methods of cancer therapy of a mammary gland, lung, stomach with use of high energy radiations and liquid radioisotopes, complex treatment of common forms of malignant tumors using an artificial hyperthermia in combination with a perekisleniye of tumoral fabric, etc.

Under the leadership of N. N. Aleksandrov 36 dissertation works, including 4 dokt are protected. It is a member of Scientific council on a complex problem «malignant new growths» at Presidium of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, the WHO expert; founder and permanent chairman of the board of the Scientific island of oncologists of BSSR, board member of the All-Union scientific island of oncologists, associate editor of the Questions of Oncology magazine. In 3 prod. BME — the editor of department «Oncology». It is awarded the order the October Revolution, four awards of the Red Banner, an award of Patriotic war of the 1st degree, two awards of the Red Star and many medals.

Works: Features of clinic, recognitions and treatments of the gunshot wounds of a skull complicated by damage of venous sine, Works Voyen. - the medical academician, t. 55, page 30, L., 1953; Wounds of a skull and a brain at an acute radial illness, L., 1962 (sovm. with other); Penicillinic epilepsy and the choice of a route of administration of an antibiotic at open injuries of a skull, Minsk, 1966 (sovm. from Knotty L. S.); Adrenal glands Operations at patients with far come breast cancer, Minsk, 1971 (sovm. with Pantyushenko T. A.).

Bibliography: Professor Nikolay Nikolaevich Alexandrov (to the 50 anniversary since birth), Vopr. onkol., t. 13, No. 10, page 123, 1967.

A. I. Ruderman.

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