AKTINOVATSILLYOZ (actinobacillosis; Greek aktis, aktinos — a beam + lat. bacillum — a stick + - Usis; synonym pseudoactinomycosis) — the infectious disease which is characterized by development of abscesses in lymph nodes, sometimes in soft tissues of a neck. Cattle is surprised preferential, pigs, sheep, deer and other wildings are more rare.
Distribution And. among animals it is insufficiently studied. Diseases in Argentina, France, the USA, Sweden, Norway, were observed by the USSR. Along with sporadic cases an epizooty is described. Magnusson considers that apprx. 50 — 60% of cases of the diseases registered as aktpnomikoz, actually are And.
Activator A. — Actinobacillus lignieresii Brumpt relating to this. Brucellaceae — the gram-negative stick 1,0 — 1,5 microns long which is not branching and not forming a dispute, 0,4 microns wide, an aerobe, is not mobile.
In addition to usual localization in limf, nodes or soft tissues of a neck, language often is surprised; as at an actinomycosis, the symptom of so-called wooden language can be observed. Sometimes easy and seldom other parenchymatous bodies are surprised. In places of defeat abscesses which can be opened with release of dense pus with grains of white color are formed. Around abscess, as well as at an aktnnomikoza, a large amount of fibrous fabric is formed. Unlike an actinomycosis, at And. bones almost are never surprised.
There are messages on several cases And. people.
In prevention And. observance of rules of personal hygiene, and also fight is important with And. domestic animals.
See also Actinomycosis .
Bibliography: Mari N. N. Bases of the doctrine about zoonoza, century 1, SPb., 1908; Brumpt E. Precis de parasitologie, t. 2, p. 1733, P., 19 36; Gay F. P. Agents of disease and host resistance, p. 1058, L., 1935; Topley W. W. a. Wi1sоn G. S. Principles of bacteriology and immunity, v. 1 — 2, Baltimore, 1964.
G. O. Suteev.